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Ratification or Admission:  January 29, 1861 (34th)
Present Constitution Adopted:  1859
State Abbreviation:  KS
State Capital:  Topeka
Largest City - Population:  Wichita
Origin of the Name:  From the Sioux Indian word, meaning “people of the south wind”.
State Motto:  “Ad Astra Per Aspera” (To the stars through difficulties)
State Nickname:  Sunflower State
State Song:  “Home on the Range” | Lyrics: Brewster Higley | Music: Dan Kelley
State Animal:  American Bison
State Bird:  Western Meadowlark
State Fish:  None
State Flower:  Sunflower
State Fruit:  Sandhill Plum
State Gemstone:  Jelenite
State Insect:  Honey Bee
State Mineral:  Galena
State Tree:  Eastern Cottonwood
State Flag:  On a navy blue field is a sunflower, the state flower. Also, the state seal and the words “Kansas”. In the picture of the state seal are thirty-four stars representing the order of statehood. Above the stars is the motto “To the Stars Through Difficulties”. On the seal a sunrise overshadows a farmer plowing a field near his log cabin, a steamboat sailing the Kansas River, a wagon train heading west and Native Americans hunting bison.


cattle, corn, soybeans, wheat.

helium, hydrogen, petroleum, salt, sand, stone.

aircraft, chemicals, electronics, food processing, metal products, petroleum, printing.

For addition information check the listings below pertaining to this state

Famous Residents History Inventions Trivia