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West Virginia

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Ratification or Admission:  June 20, 1863 (35th)
Present Constitution Adopted:  1872
State Abbreviation:  WV
State Capital:  Charleston
Largest City - Population:  Charleston
Origin of the Name:  Named after England’s Queen Elizabeth I, the “Virgin Queen“
State Motto:  "Montani semper liberi" (Mountaineers are always free)
State Nickname:  Mountain State
State Song:  “West Virginia Hills” | Words by: Ellen King | Music by: H.E. Engle / “West Virginia, My Home Sweet Home” By: Julian G. Hearne
State Animal:  American black bear
State Bird:  Cardinal
State Fish:  Brook trout
State Flower:  Rhododendron
State Fruit:  Golden Delicious Apple
State Gemstone:  Mississippian Fossil Coral
State Insect:  Monarch Butterfly
State Mineral:  None
State Tree:  Sugar Maple
State Flag:  A white field is bordered in dark blue. West Virginia’s flag displays a rock containing the date June 20, 1863, the day West Virginia became a state. The two men represent farming and mining. Below them are two rifles with a “Liberty Cap” on top the rifles. A banner ribbon includes the state motto “Mountaineers Are Always Free”. Around the picture are a wreath of rhododendron and the name of the state on a red ribbon.


apples, chickens, corn, fruit, milk, sheep, wool.

coal, natural gas, petroleum, sand, stone.

chemicals, clothing, lumber products, machinery, metal products, printing.

For addition information check the listings below pertaining to this state

Famous Residents History Inventions Trivia