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North Carolina

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Ratification or Admission:  November 21, 1789 (12th)
Present Constitution Adopted:  1971
State Abbreviation:  NC
State Capital:  Raleigh
Largest City - Population:  Charlotte
Origin of the Name:  Taken from Carolus, the Latin word for Charles, and named after England’s King Charles I
State Motto:  “Esse quam videri” (To be rather than to seem)
State Nickname:  Tar Heel State
State Song:  “The Old North State” | Words by: William Gaston | Music by: Mrs. E.E. Randolph
State Animal:  Gray Squirrel
State Bird:  Northern Cardinal
State Fish:  Southern Appalachian Brook Trout
State Flower:  Dogwood
State Fruit:  Scuppernong Grape
State Gemstone:  Emerald
State Insect:  Honeybee
State Mineral:  Gold
State Tree:  Pine Tree
State Flag:  There are two dates on the flag: May 20th 1775 and April 12th, 1776. The first date represents The Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence. The second date, April 12th, 1776 was the Halifax Resolves was the first official action in the American Colonies calling for independence from Great Britain during the American Revolution. The flag also shows two equally proportioned bars; the upper bar is red, the lower bar to be white. The length of the bars horizontally is equal to the perpendicular length of the union, and the total length of the flag is one-third more than its width. The three colors of red, white, and blue represent the colors of the flag of the United States. Blue represents vigilance, perseverance & justice; red represents hardiness and valor; white represents purity and innocence.


chickens, corn, eggs, milk, peanuts, soybeans, tobacco, turkeys, wood.

clays, gemstones, mica, phosphate, sand, stone.

chemicals, electronic equipment, food processing, furniture, machinery, medicines, rubber, textiles, tobacco products.

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