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New Mexico

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Ratification or Admission:  January 6, 1912 (47th)
Present Constitution Adopted:  1911
State Abbreviation:  NM
State Capital:  Santa Fe
Largest City - Population:  Albuquerque
Origin of the Name:  Named from the country of Mexico or after the Aztec word for “place of Mexitili (the god).”
State Motto:  “Crescit Eundo (It grows as it goes)”
State Nickname:  Land of Enchantment
State Song:  “O, Fair New Mexico” | Lyrics & Music: Elizabeth Garrett | “Asi Es Nuevo Nejico” Lyrics: Amadeo Lucero
State Animal:  Black Bear
State Bird:  Greater Roadrunner
State Fish:  New Mexico Cutthroat Trout
State Flower:  Yucca
State Fruit:  None
State Gemstone:  Turquoise
State Insect:  Tarantula Hawk Wasp
State Mineral:  None
State Tree:  Piñon Pine
State Flag:  New Mexico’s flag is a red sun with rays stretching out from it. There are four groups of rays with four rays in each group. This is an ancient sun symbol of a Native American people called the Zia. The Zia believed that the giver of all good gave them gifts in groups of four. These gifts are: The four directions – north, east, south and west, The four seasons – spring, summer, fall and winter, The day – sunrise, noon, evening and night, Life itself – childhood, youth, middle years and old age. All of these are bound by a circle of life and love, without a beginning or end.


apples, cattle, cotton, grain, hay, lettuce, milk, peanuts, pecans, peppers, potatoes.

coal, copper, natural gas, petroleum, potash, sand , uranium.

electronics, food \processing, lumber and wood products.

For addition information check the listings below pertaining to this state

Famous Residents History Inventions Trivia