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Ratification or Admission:   April 30, 1812 (18th)
Present Constitution Adopted:  1974
State Abbreviation:  LA
State Capital:  Baton Rouge
Largest City - Population:  New Orleans
Origin of the Name:  Named in honor of King Louis XIV of France.
State Motto:  “Union, Justice, and Confidence”
State Nickname:  Pelican State
State Song:  “Give Me Louisiana” | Lyrics & Music: Doralice Fontane
State Animal:  Louisiana Black Bear
State Bird:  Brown Pelican
State Fish:  White Perch
State Flower:  Magnolia
State Fruit:  Strawberry
State Gemstone:  Cabochon Cut Oyster Shell
State Insect:  Honeybee
State Mineral:  Agate
State Tree:  Bald Cypress
State Flag:  The design on the flag consists of a heraldic image of a mother eastern brown pelican in her nest feeding her young with her blood on a blue background with white and gold details – blue, gold, and white are the official colors of Louisiana. Under the pelican image is a white ribbon bearing the Louisiana state motto, “Union, Justice, and Confidence”. On the updated flag, the motto is said to have no punctuation. The image of the pelicans represents self-sacrifice and dedication.


cattle, chickens, cotton, eggs, rice, soybeans, sweet potato, sugarcane, wood.

Lignite, natural gas, petroleum, salt, sulfur.

chemicals, food processing, lumber, machinery, metal products, paper products, petroleum, printing, transportation equipment.

For addition information check the listings below pertaining to this state

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