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Ratification or Admission:  December 3, 1818 (21th)
Present Constitution Adopted:  1970
State Abbreviation:  IL
State Capital:  Springfield
Largest City - Population:  Chicago
Origin of the Name:  Based on the Algonquin Indian word ilenweewa meaning “warriors“
State Motto:  State sovereignty, national union
State Nickname:  The Prairie State
State Song:  “Illinois” | Lyrics: C.H. Chamberlain | Music: Archibald Johnston
State Animal:  White-tailed Deer
State Bird:  Northern Cardinal
State Fish:  Bluegill
State Flower:  Violet
State Fruit:  Goldrush Apple
State Gemstone:  None
State Insect:  Monarch Butterfly
State Mineral:  Fluorite
State Tree:  White Oak
State Flag:  The Illinois flag features the central image of the state seal on a field of white (the Illinois seal features an eagle holding a banner in its beak with the state motto written on it; “State Sovereignty, National Union”).


cattle, corn, fruit, hay, milk, soybeans.

Coal, petroleum, sand, stone.

chemicals, electronics, food processing, machinery, metals, printing, transportation equipment.

For addition information check the listings below pertaining to this state

Famous Residents History Inventions Trivia