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Ratification or Admission:  July 3, 1890 (43rd)
Present Constitution Adopted:  1889
State Abbreviation:  ID
State Capital:  Boise
Largest City - Population:  Boise
Origin of the Name:  An Indian-style word invented by George M. Willing.
State Motto:  “Esto Perpetua” (It is forever)
State Nickname:  The Gem State
State Song:  “Here We Have Idaho” | Lyrics: McKinley Helm & Albert J. Tomkins | Music: Sallie Hume Douglas
State Animal:  Appaloosa Horse
State Bird:  Mountain Bluebird
State Fish:  Cutthroat Trout
State Flower:  Syringa
State Fruit:  Huckleberry
State Gemstone:  Star Garnet
State Insect:  Monarch Butterfly
State Mineral:  None
State Tree:  Western White Pine
State Flag:  A silk flag, blue field, bordered with gilt fringe, in colors, in the center of a blue field. The woman represents liberty, justice and equality. The man is a miner. The pictures on the shield represent the main industries of forestry, farming, and mining. The cornucopias or horns of plenty are symbols of abundance. The elk’s head represents wildlife. Esto Perpetua (Let it be perpetual). The words “State of Idaho” are embroidered in with block letters


barely, beans, cattle, fruit, hay, onions, potatoes, sheep, sugar beets, wheat.

gold, lead, phosphate, sand, silver.

chemicals, electronics, food processing, lumber, machinery, printed matter.

For addition information check the listings below pertaining to this state

Famous Residents History Inventions Trivia